The exhibition – a German-Belarusian pilot project – pays tribute to the victims and at the same time shows how and at which places in Belarus, Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic the murdered are commemorated. But it also deals with the topography of murder and the perpetrators. Its aim is to anchor Malyj Trostenez as a European place of action and remembrance in public perception.
On November 8, 1941, about 1,000 Hamburg Jews were deported to Minsk. This was followed by deportations from Cologne, Düsseldorf, Bremen, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, Königsberg, Vienna and Theresienstadt. Few people survived, most of them were murdered near Minsk, in Malyj Trostenez.
On the 75th Anniversary of Remembrance of the Deportees and Murdered, the travelling exhibition »Extermination Site Malyj Trostenez. History and Memory« was held on 8 November 2016 in the main church of St. Katharinen in Hamburg for the first time. She was there until 7 December 2016. On 17 March 2017, the exhibition was shown for the first time in Minsk (Belarus).
Malyj Trostenez, now a suburb of Minsk, was the largest extermination site on the territory of the occupied Soviet Union between spring 1942 and summer 1944. In order to cover the traces, the murderers had the bodies of the victims excavated and burned at the end of 1943. A Soviet commission to investigate National Socialist crimes estimated 206,500 victims in August 1944 – mainly Belarusian, Austrian, German and Czech Jews, civilians, partisans, resistance fighters and Soviet prisoners of war. After 1945, Soviet commemorative signs were created, and large memorials were officially opened in 2015 and 2018.
The exhibition, which is shown in Belarus and Germany, is based on the initiative of the International Educational and Encounter Work in Dortmund and the IBB »Johannes Rau« in Minsk. The Belarusian State Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War and the Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, based in Berlin, played a significant role in its creation. Historians and experts from Belarus, Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria played a decisive role in the project. The curators of the exhibition are Sabrina Bobowski, IBB »Johannes Rau« in Minsk, and Adam Kerpel-Fronius, Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe.
The exhibition »Extermination Site Malyj Trostenez. History and Memory« was funded by the Foreign Office.
23 September to 24 November 2020
17 November 2019 to 18 January 2020
13 June to 27 October 2019
24 January to 17 March 2019
4 December 2018 to 17 January 2019
13 November to 2 December 2018
2 October to 6 November 2018
19 July to 30 September 2018
4 June 2018 to 18 March 2019
8 to 26 May 2018
3 May to 1 June 2018
11 to 27 April 2018
27 March to 30 April 2018
11 to 24 March 2018
26 January to 25 February 2018
18 October 2017 to 18 February 2018
12 October to 17 December 2017
19 September to 15 October 2017
16 May to 7 July 2017
18 April to 14 May 2017
13 March to 23 April 2017
9 March to 24 April 2017
8 November to 7 December 2016